What is CE Marking
CE Marking on a product is a manufacturer's declaration that the product complies with the essential requirements of the relevant European health, safety and environmental protection legislation, in practice by many of the so-called Product Directives.
CE Marking on a product ensures the free movement of the product within the EFTA & European Union (EU) single market (total 28 countries), and
CE Marking on a product permits the withdrawal of the non-conforming products by customs and enforcement/vigilance authorities.
General principles of the CE marking
The CE marking shall be affixed only by the manufacturer or his authorised representative
The CE marking shall be affixed only to products to which its affixing is provided for by specific Community harmonisation legislation, and shall not be affixed to any other product.
By affixing or having affixed the CE marking, the manufacturer indicates that he takes responsibility for the conformity of the product with all applicable requirements set out in the relevant Community harmonisation legislation providing for its affixing.
The CE marking shall be the only marking which attests the conformity of the product with the applicable requirements of the relevant Community harmonisation legislation providing for its affixing.
The affixing to a product of markings, signs or inscriptions which are likely to mislead third parties regarding the meaning or form of the CE marking shall be prohibited. Any other marking may be affixed to the product provided that the visibility, legibility and meaning of the CE marking is not thereby impaired.
Member States shall ensure the correct implementation of the regime governing the CE marking and take appropriate action in the event of improper use of the marking. Member States shall also provide for penalties for infringements, which may include criminal sanctions for serious infringements. Those penalties shall be proportionate to the seriousness of the offence and constitute an effective deterrent against improper use.
If you manufacture or import a product which falls within the scope of one or more of the New Approach Directives and wish to place your product on the market in any of the members states of the European Economic Area (EEA), then you must apply CE Marking to your product against the essential requirements of all these applicable directives.
The New Approach Directives will provide a range of compliance routes for your product and show you, usually in a modular format, the available routes to compliance.
You must then decide which is the best fit for your company set up and follow the routes detailed in the Directive.
In many cases the compliance route will require you to use a Notified Body to assist with your certification.
Benefits of CE Marking
The CE Marking is a kind of trade passport for the European marketplace: it allows the manufacturer to freely circulate their product throughout the 18 countries of the European Economic Area (EEA).
There is only one set of requirements and procedures to comply with in designing and manufacturing a product for the entire EEA. Various conflicting national regulations are eliminated. As a result, the product no longer needs to be adapted to the specific requirements of the different member states of the EEA.
In addition, it may be considered a benefit that by implementing the requirements, the product will be safer for the user and this may also reduce damage and liability claims.